The coastal zone is narrow and consists mainly of clay and is about 2 m below sea level. It accounts for about 6% of the country's area and is the location where most of the administrative, agricultural, industrial, and residential activities are concentrated.
The hilly sand and clay region is found just after the coastal belt, and is covered primarily by vegetation, the region is known for its reserves in bauxite. This area takes up about 25% of the total area of the country and is sparsely populated. The major population centre is Linden a town of 26,000 people.
The interior savannahs account for almost 6% of the country's area and is covered mainly by grasses, scrub and low trees. The population there is largely made up of the Indigenous peoples who live mostly in remote villages, with Lethem being the only town.
The forested highlands make up for approximately 63% of the country's landmass. There are four major mountain ranges in this region- Kanuku, Pakaraima, Imataka and Acarai. This region along with the savannahs features Pre- Cambrian land forms which are very old. The soil under the vastly forested area is heavily weathered late rite and are covered by heavy forest cover.